Foto: Umberto Salvagnin

Global MPI 2017: 0.013

Multidimensionally Poor (based on National MPI): 35.0% (in 2015)
Launch date of national MPI: February 2016
Institution responsible for the national MPI: National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), Ministry of Social Development Coordination, and National Secretary of Planning and Development
Dimensions of the national MPI: education; work and social security; health, water and food; habitat, housing and healthy environment

Joined MPPN: 2013

The Ecuador Multidimensional Poverty Index, which has been developed with technical support from OPHI, was presented by the President of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, at an event in Quito on 5 February, 2016.

The Ecuadorian MPI shows that while both income poverty and multidimensional poverty have decreased in Ecuador since 2009, declines in multidimensional poverty have been more pronounced. Income poverty actually increased modestly from 2014 to 2015, while multidimensional poverty continued its decreasing trend.

The MPI, which reflects a new conceptual framework based on ‘Buen Vivir’ and its associated rights, identifies a higher proportion of people as poor. Whereas around 23% of people were income poor in 2015, fully 35% were living in multidimensional poverty. Thus the MPI makes visible deficiencies in key rights, and in doing so supports the affected persons in claiming their rights.

The Ecuadorian MPI consists of 12 indicators across 4 broad dimensions (education, work and social security, health, water and sanitation, and housing and a healthy environment). It is calculated at the household level.

Learn more about the Ecuador-MPI here (in Spanish).


On the MPPN: The Ministry of Social Development Coordination and the Office of Statistics in Ecuador participate in the MPPN, and Minister of Social Development Coordination, Cecilia Vaca Jones, participated in the launch of the network in June 2013 as well as the 2015 meeting in Cartagena. As part of its support for the MPPN, the Minister of Social Development also participated in the launch of El Salvador’s MPI in October 2015