Costa Rica
Foto: David Álvarez Veloso

Launch date of national MPI: October 2015
Multidimensionally Poor (based on National MPI): 18.8% (in 2017)
Institution responsible for national MPI: Social Inclusion and Human Development Ministry and National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC)
Dimensions of national MPI: education, health, housing, employment, social protection and equity
Joined MPPN: 2014

On October 29, 2015 the Government launched its MPI. The Costa Rican MPI includes several innovations, for example through incorporating gender indicators and a strong labour dimension, and will be used for targeting of social programs. This educational video (Spanish only), released by the President’s Office, describes multidimensional poverty and how the index has been adapted to the country.

MPI Costa Rica: 2015 Main Results (Spanish). Statement on the MPI from Costa Rica Government.

Update: MPI Costa Rica 2017

Voluntary National Review (2017)Costa Rica also uses an Alkire-Foster (AF) MPI, because it sees the challenge of Poverty reduction should be approached in a multidimensional form, as it’s national strategy outlines. Since October 2015, Costa Rica has used its MPI to coordinate policies and implement novel initiatives – especially those that address traditionally excluded populations like those with disability, indigenous persons, women, and migrants. Full Report Here

Business MPI: The Business MPI (bMPI) is an adaptation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of Costa Rica that has been designed for the business sector. Through a user friendly online survey, the business sector will have a detailed view of the conditions in which his workers and their families are living under. Briefing available here.

Important Information on the bMPI:

  • What is the Business MPI (video)
  • Infographic: Steps for the Business MPI implementation process (video)  
  • Testimonial video of 2 Costa Rican Companies and why they did the bMPI . Click on here.
  • Business MPI How-to site  


Social Management Scorecard shows multidimensional poverty data and the investment of social sector programs based on information provided by institutions. This allows evaluating the effectiveness of institutional response and redirecting the poverty reduction strategy, as required. More info here (in Spanish).