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Side Event at UN Statistical Commission shows how MPI can break silos of poverty

Publicado el: March 8th, 2018 Por MPPN

The side event was chaired by Pali Lehohla, former Statistician-General of Statistics South Africa and Steering Committee member of the MPPN. Speakers included Directors of Statistics from Nepal, Philippines, Ecuador, South Africa, Tanzania, Mongolia, Uganda and Tunisia, with representatives also from Colombia, Rwanda and Egypt, as well as UNDP´s Human Development Report Office, UN´s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, UN´s Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia and OPHI.

The event’s presentations will be added soon.

 

Highlights of each speaker’s points include:

Pali Lehohla, former Statistician-General, South Africa and Steering Committee, MPPN

  • “We have a real treat tonight – a burst of information on how multidimensional poverty measures are being designed, disaggregated, and used in action to break the silos of poverty. For those of you who are here for the first time, you will leave here with a briefing on methodology and a map of exciting innovations in many countries.”
  • “Multidimensional poverty is proving to give voice because it says ‘this is who we are, this is where we are, and this is how we are.’ So it gives voice to the poor and leaves no one behind.”
  • “From observation, to monitoring, to planning, this is the challenge, I think, that we have to look at: What is the arsenal of tools that we can apply through multidimensional poverty into the planning processes?”

 

James Foster, Research Associate, OPHI and Oliver T Carr Professor, George Washington University

  • “Why MPI has a very straight answer: poverty itself contains multiple forms with many dimensions. Who says that? UN member countries say this via the SDG process.”
  • “It’s not just how many people are deprived, but also what they are deprived in. The different dimensions have to be examined in conjunction.”
  • “MPIs provide a headline measure, disaggregations, interlinkages, to inform policy action, to complement monetary measures, to help leave no one behind.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Suman Raj Aryal, Director General, Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal

  • “I think Nepal is one of the youngest countries to prepare an official National Multidimensional Poverty Index. We released our first figures a few months ago.”
  • “There are fundamentally five motivations for Nepal to make a multidimensional poverty index: the first is to view the poverty through the different dimensions; the second is to assess the short-term effect of public interventions; the third is to understand the remittance effect; the fourth is to get an idea of the inter-sectoral linkages; the last one is, of course, to align with the SDG framework.”
  • “Nepal decided to use the Global MPI as our National MPI with minor adjustments – that way we can compare with others, and also look within our seven new provinces”

 

Lisa Grace Bersales, National Statistician, Philippine Statistics Authority, Philippines

  • “Poverty statistics are the most controversial official statistic we produce, so we really seek the guidance of this inter-agency committee, who are statisticians and economists.”
  • “In the Philippines, poverty is a contentious issue, so we had to get the inputs from various groups, especially our national anti-poverty commission and also civil society, which had very strong ideas about which dimensions should be covered.”

 

Reinaldo Cervantes, Executive Director, National Institute of Statistics, Ecuador

  • “In Ecuador, we are considering a new measure of poverty corresponding to our constitution…. our constitution mentions that the rights of people must be covered in multiple dimensions – education, health, employment, social security, habitat conditions, access to safe water, and others.”
  • “Since the year 2017, we have two specific goals for multidimensional poverty reduction in our National Plan: first, reduce the multidimensional poverty rate from 35% to 27%; and second, reduce from 60% to 49% the multidimensional poverty rate in the rural areas.”

 

Risenga Maluleke, Statistician General, Statistics South Africa, South Africa

  • “Between 2011 and 2016, poverty trends have diverged a lot more among municipalities.”
  • “SAMPI helps to evaluate the effectiveness of poverty reduction, and, of course, it indicates the contributions of government social programs.”
  • “We want to update the levels of disaggregation and use the SAMPI in policymaking.”
  • “We are agreeing that we will come to meet in South Africa in October 2018 for the next MPPN Annual Meeting.”

 

Albina Chuwa, Director General, National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania

  • “We have been using the Global MPI in Tanzania for our national human development reports.”
  • “Currently we are conducting our household budget survey, and now we want to establish our National MPI. We have engaged as many stakeholders as possible, including our development partners group.”
  • “We are eager to join the group [of countries with National MPIs] and to see all these types of dimensions presented here.”

 

Ariunzaya Ayush, Chairperson, National Statistics Office, Mongolia

  • “In Mongolia, we don’t have the official survey yet, but we have done a pilot survey.”
  • “The outcome was quite high. When the income-based poverty measure was released in 2016, it was 29%, almost 30%. In the multidimensional poverty measure, the rate of deprivations for health was 42%, housing dimension was almost 60%, and standard of living was 40%.
  • “Some of the selected indicators cannot express Mongolian conditions, maybe, and that could be the reason for the high MPI [relative to the income-based poverty measure]. Therefore, we understand that we need to organize more discussions with the related ministries and, of course, a multi-stakeholder group at the policy level.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Ben Paul Mungyereza, Executive Director, Bureau of Statistics, Uganda

  • “We have not started producing the MPI, but we have done the groundwork for producing the MPI. So far, we have created a Core Technical Team and a Community of Practice. The core technical team reports to the Ministry of Finance and it has members from the national statistics office, the planning authority, and the Economic Policy Research Centre. The core technical team is responsible for reviewing and computing the MPI, while the Community of Practice is mandated to engage the stakeholders and increase awareness among the stakeholders.”
  • “The consultations we have had so far, the outcome is informing the dimensions and indicators that we need to address. And the areas that are clearly coming out that need to be addressed by the MPI: accountability, powerlessness, vulnerability, agriculture, housing, and education.”

 

Hedi Saidi, Director General, National Institute of Statistics, Tunisia

  • “In Tunisia, we have developed, in coordination with OPHI and UNDP, a National MPI.”
  • “Our MPI provides a strong tool to inform, monitor, and evaluate progress towards priorities that include employment, alongside living standards, health, and education. We incorporate these priorities into our Development Plan 2017-2020, and the MPI is designed to monitor it.”
  • “The MPI tool will be used to monitor, evaluate, and adjust the National Plan and its related social economic programs by targeting the most important vulnerable populations in an efficient way.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Carlos Felipe Prada, Deputy Director, Administrative Department of National Statistics (DANE) Colombia

  • “The numbers of poverty in Colombia have been decreasing. We are working and thinking, because we have some indicators that are close to 100%… So, we are trying to have a new index in a couple of years.”
  • “In Colombia we have an expert committee on poverty and multidimensional measurement that includes academics and some other government institutions and receives comments from civil society.”
  • “We want to have the MPI disaggregated at the lowest municipality. With this census, with the national household surveys in Colombia, we can have the MPI measure for each municipality in Colombia and each village in the rural areas of Colombia. For us, it is a tremendous advantage and a tremendous improvement in our measurement because we want the MPI measure to have results for each department in Colombia.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Ivan Murenzi, Deputy Director, National Institute of Statistics, Rwanda

  • “Rwanda is a very small, developing country, but with great ambitions. And poverty is definitely one of the key, key issues that the leadership is committed to tackle.”
  • “For our recent results, which we hope to release sometime in August or September, we will be disseminating results of monetary poverty as well as multidimensional poverty. So, one key issue I had in my mind is how do we package this together?”
  • “In Rwanda, we usually have an annual leadership retreat, which brings together all government leaders. And it was amazing to see from some of the discussions we had through the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Health, how this multidimensional assessment of poverty begins to bring everyone on board when we talk of poverty. Previously, in my view, monetary poverty has been more seen as an issue for the Ministries of Finance and Planning, but what multidimensional poverty is doing is bringing all the other stakeholders, from all corners, together.”

 

Heba Saied, Statistician, Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, Egypt

  • “Poverty is not only monetary metrics, but there is a global trend to define poverty as the lack of access to services or deprivations in other aspects of life.”
  • “Why do we use the HEICS [Household Expenditure and Income Survey] for our MPI? The HEICS provided non-monetary data about many indicators that are useful for multidimensional poverty measurement, as well as household expenditure and consumption. Also, the period of the survey is every two years, which allows for continuous monitoring of the conditions of the poor.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Selim Jahan, Director, Human Development Report Office, UNDP

  • “There is no need to emphasize once again that poverty is multidimensional. We all know that. But, at the same time we need a measure for that multidimensional poverty because often it is said that what we cannot count, is not counted.”
  • “We started the journey on the Multidimensional Poverty Index, or MPI, back in 2010. When HDRO and OPHI started that journey through collaboration and worked over the years to publish and disseminate the results in the HDRs. Over the years, there have been some differences in methodologies, and there was the HDRO methodology and the OPHI methodology, but over the last year, Sabina and I and both our teams have discussed it over and over and found out that the differences were minimal and trivial, in some cases, if I may say so. Therefore, we have now decided to have one Global MPI methodology.”
  • “As in the movie Casablanca, the last line was ‘Louie, this is the beginning of a longstanding friendship,’ and, with that I say that with OPHI and HDRO, this is also the beginning of a longstanding friendship, the results of which will be reflected in new generations of the HDRs.”

 

Pascual Gerstenfeld, Director, Statistics Division, UN-ECLAC

  • “We are close to 60 persons, at this time, in New York, in a storm, talking about how to measure poverty.”
  • “In 33 years, this [the MPPN] is the strongest network I have been involved in… When we began in 2013, there were fewer than 20 countries and five institutions, but now we are 53 countries and 15 institutions in less than five years. This is a real network. The word ‘Network’ is very strong and really, really important.”
  • “We are working together now in four of the five regional commissions – ESCWA, ECA, ESCAP, and ECLAC – on a study of availability, comparability, and quality of indicators for monitoring goals 1.2 and 1.4.”

 

Marwan Khawaja, Chief, Demographic & Social Statistics, UN-ESCWA

  • “The Arab Multidimensional Poverty Report was released a few months ago, at the end of 2017… The main goal was to develop an MPI tailored to middle-income countries, which a majority of Arab countries are.”
  • “We wanted this MPI to serve as a foundation for developing a poverty reduction strategy.”
  • “The report was produced with the League of Arab States, and that implies that the member states of the League had to endorse the report.

 

Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI

  • “Many countries have launched their MPIs as an official permanent statistic of poverty that goes along with the monetary poverty measure. That has to go through a number of internal processes, so it becomes an official statistic – and one that is used by policy at the highest level to drive action and reduce disadvantages effectively.”
  • “Besides statistical reports, Voluntary National Reviews and the High Level Political Forum are places countries are sharing how the MPI can be used for policy.”
  • “Many countries are wanting to report their MPI for SDG indicator 1.2.2.”
  • “The MPPN [Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network] is a South-South network that was launched in Oxford by Amartya Sen, Nobel Laureate in Economics, and President Santos of Colombia, that tries to have both statisticians and policymakers share their experiences in developing an MPI. You are all welcome to join and share your insights with us on how best to fight poverty in all its dimensions.”

Full presentation is available here.

 

Photo gallery:

Click on the image to enlarge

5th MPPN Annual Meeting in Beijing, China 2017

Publicado el: October 26th, 2017 Por MPPN

In this warm and very interactive Meeting, members shared their experiences developing, implementing, and utilizing multidimensional poverty measures to help reduce the many overlapping deprivations experienced by the poor. This year, particular emphasis was given to how MPIs were being used to prioritize and track progress in countries’ SDG agendas and how they were working as part of coordinated planning processes.

At the opening on 9 October, participants attended China’s prestigious Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum. The Vice Premier of China spoke, as did other Chinese and foreign leaders, including MPPN’s own Steering Committee leader Gonzalo Hernandez Licona (Mexico). In the afternoon, participants had an intensive briefing on China’s Precise Poverty Targeting Intervention, in which, in 2014, 70 million Chinese were identified as poor using China’s multidimensional framework that covers monetary, health, education, housing and livelihood deprivations. The realistic and highly visible political target is to eradicate such poverty by 2020.  Wang Pingping from the National Bureau of Statistics of China gave a keynote lecture tracing progress using monetary and multidimensional poverty measures. IPRCC and OPHI presented based on documents and fieldwork in two provinces. Nicholas Rosellini, the UN Resident Coordinator and the UNDP representative in China, gave a second keynote linking China’s poverty reduction activities to the SDGs.

On 10 October, the formal opening session included an address by Dr Tan of IPRCC, MPPN Steering Committee and FAO.  Sabina Alkire provided an overview of the MPPN’s activities since the last Annual Meeting, including the magazine Dimensions and the new policy briefing series. The first in-depth session looked at the challenges and opportunities involved in designing a National MPI in Chile, Pakistan, Mexico, and Colombia. Gonzalo Hernandez Licona of CONEVAL in Mexico gave a keynote explaining how Mexico’s national measure was developed and used for policy purposes. OPHI’s Adriana Conconi presented the draft handbook on creating National MPIs for feedback from member countries. Representatives from Malaysia, Uganda, Tanzania, and the Seychelles shared their ongoing work building MPIs. Next, Mexico, Panama, Colombia, and Costa Rica discussed how they were using MPIs to facilitate policy coordination and budget allocation. Finally, Felipe Roa-Clavijo presented the current MPPN communications materials, particularly Dimensions magazine and the new policy briefing series, engaging with participants about ideas for future issues. Presentations are available here.

The last day began with international agencies presenting on child poverty, conceptualizations of multidimensional poverty, Africa’s movement out of poverty, and regional MPIs. Participants then enjoyed an interlude session with videos and brochures showing how countries are communicating their MPI to policymakers, the media, and the public. IPRCC also shared their online platform for South-South knowledge sharing. Pali Lehohla, Statistician General of Statistics South Africa, gave a rousing keynote on the need to tilt MPI towards planning and the SDGs. In closing, Minister Dlamini of South Africa shared South Africa’s policy initiatives and reiterated their plans to host the 2018 meeting and her hopes for the Network in the future. The meeting concluded by finalising the communiqué and plans for the MPPN for the coming year and sharing commitments for action during the coming year.

The representatives approved the three-point communiqué, which:

  • Calls for channels of SDG reporting for National and Global MP
  • Endorses MPIs as a tool to meet poverty-related SDGs
  • Promotes the use of research to innovate in response to demand

 

Important information:

 

Presentations from the MPPN Meeting 2017

Publicado el: October 18th, 2017 Por MPPN

Opening Remarks

Dr Tan Weiping, Deputy Director General, IPRCC
– Piero Conforti, Senior Statistician, FAO
– Gonzalo Hernandez Licona, Executive Secretary, CONEVAL, Mexico
– Nicholas Rosellini, UN Resident Coordinator and the UNDP representative in China

 

Introduction

Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI

 

Keynote Speakers

– Wang Pingping, National Bureau of Statistics
– Gonzalo Hernandez Licona, Executive Secretary, CONEVAL, Mexico
– Pali Lehohla, Statistician General, Statistics South Africa

 

In Depth I: Designing an MPI: a Technical, Political, Communications Exercise

President Ernesto Peña Nieto, Mexico (by video)
Heidi Berner, Vice Minister, Ministry of Social Development, Chile
– Aman Ullah, Chief Economist, Planning and Development Department, Province of Punjab, Pakistan
Nemesio Roys, Director, Department of Social Prosperity, Colombia (by video)
Adriana Conconi, Technical Outreach Director, OPHI

 

In Depth II: Coordination and Budget Allocation

Edgar Ramirez Medina, General Director of Analysis and Prospective, SEDESOL, Mexico
Michelle Muschett, Vice Minister, Ministry of Social Development, Panama
President Juan Manuel Santos, Colombia (by video)
Vice President Ana Helena Chacon, Costa Rica (by video)

 

In Depth III: New Openings and Opportunities in the Era of the SDGs

Marin Evans, Child Poverty Specialist, UNICEF
Elina Scheja, Lead Economist, Sida
Ayodele Odusola, Chief of Strategy and Analysis, UNDP
Pascual Gerstenfeld, Director of Statistics Division, ECLAC

 

Sharing National Experiences in Building an MPI

– Muhamad B. Idris, Director of the Income Distribution Section of the Economic Planning Unit, Malaysia
– James Muwonge, Director of Socioeconomic Surveys, Uganda Bureau of Statistics
Marie-Josee Bonne, Principal Secretary, Family Affairs, Seychelles
– Anna Mwasha, Director, Poverty Eradication Department, Tanzania

 

Other Sessions

– OPHI and IPRCC China’s Accurate Poverty Targeting Intervention
– Piero Conforti, Senior Statistician, FAO
– Adriana Conconi, Technical Outreach Director, OPHI Handbook on Creating National MPIs
Felipe Roa Clavijo, Policy and Communications Assistant, OPHI Dimensions and Policy Briefings
– Felipe Roa-Clavijo, Policy and Communications Assistant, OPHI Communicating the MPI: Examples and Insights
– Jiao Meng, International Cooperation Director, China Internet Information Centre, South South Network of IPRCC China’s Model of Knowledge Sharing
– Bathabile Dlamini, Minister of Social Development, South Africa South Africa 2018: MPPN Meetings – Motivation, Format, and Context

 

More information:

Final Communiqué
Agenda
Concept Note

2017 Annual MPPN Meeting in China

Publicado el: September 26th, 2017 Por MPPN

On the first day of the meeting, Ministers of the MPPN joined other speakers and the Vice Premier of China in substantive presentations on strategies to end poverty in its many dimensions as part of the Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum.

On the 10th and 11th, Ministers from Colombia, Mexico, and South Africa, Vice Ministers or similar from Chile, Indonesia, Panama, and the Seychelles, Heads of Statistics or similar agencies from Morocco, Pakistan, South Africa, Tunisia and Uganda, Deputy Heads of Statistics or similar from Cameroon, Malaysia, plus agencies: ESCWA, SESRIC, SIDA, UNDP, FAO and UNICEF, a Provincial level representative from Pakistan and delegations from Seychelles and South Africa shared their experiences on multidimensional poverty measures.

The meeting objective was to activate an intensive two-way South-South exchange by which each participant can both share their knowledge and gain advice that is pertinent to their work, so that each person leaves more equipped and motivated to act within their professional capacity to fight multidimensional poverty.

The MPPN is a South-South initiative that supports policymakers to develop more effective poverty eradication efforts, grounded in multidimensional poverty measures. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) is the Secretariat of the MPPN.

 

Related links

UNGA High-Level Side Event: Using the Multidimensional Poverty Index to Track Progress in the SDGs

Publicado el: September 20th, 2017 Por MPPN

The video of the event is available here:

President of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos:

President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto:

 

Photo Gallery

Important Information

Date: 19 September 2017
Time: 11am – 1pm (Local time)
Venue: Conference Room 2, United Nations Building
Hashtag: #UNGA #MPI4SDGs
UNGA Website: http://www.un.org/en/ga/
Concept Note
Agenda
Press Release
Video
Photos